Journal articles

Teaching Legal Research Bibliography

(mostly post-2007 Carnegie Report Educating Lawyers)

(last updated 08/09/2018)

  1. Duncan Alford, The Development of the Skills Curriculum in Law Schools: Lessons for Directors of Academic Law Libraries, 28:3-4 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 301 (2009)
  2. ALL-SIS Task Force on Identifying Skills and Knowledge for Legal Practice, A Study of Attorneys’ Legal Research Practices and Opinions of New Associates’ Research Skills  American Association of Law Libraries, (2013).
  3. David L. Armond & Shawn G. Nevers, The Practitioners’ Council: Connecting Legal Research Instruction and Current Legal Research Practice, 103 Law Libr. J. 575 (2011).
  4. Robert C. (Bob) Berring Jr., Twenty Years on: The Debate Over Legal Research Instruction, 17 Perspectives: Teaching Legal Research and Writing 1 (2008).
  5. Barbara Bintliff, Legal Research: MacCrate’s Fundamental Lawyering Skill: Missing in Action, 28 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 179-180 (2009), available at
  6. Robin Boyle, Jeffrey Minneti & Andrea Honigsfeld , Law Students are Different from the General Population: Empirical Findings regarding Learning Styles. (St. John’s Legal Studies Research Paper no. 09-0173; Stetson University College of Law Research Paper no. 2009-18.), 17 Perspectives: Teaching Legal Research and Writing 153 (2009), available at
  7. Jill L. K. Brooks, Great Expectations: New Associates’ Research Skills from Law School to Law Firm, 28 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 291 (2009)
  8. Margaret Butler, Resource-Based Learning and Course Design: A Brief Theoretical Overview and Practical Suggestions, 104 Law Libr. J. 219 (2012), available at
  9. Paul D. Callister, Time to Blossom: An Inquiry into Bloom’s ‘Taxonomy’ as a Hierarchy and Means for Teaching Legal Research Skills, 102 Law Libr J 191 (2010), available at
  10. ———. , Thinking Like a Research Expert: Schemata for Teaching Complex Problem-Solving Skills, 28 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 31 (2009)
  11. Angela Carritt, Teaching Research Skills Outside the Curriculum: Lessons Learnt at Oxford University, 7:4 Legal Information Management. 239 (2007).
  12. Michael G. Chiorazzi, Commentaries on Hicks’ ‘Teaching Legal Bibliography’: With an Addendum by Robert Berring, (2009).
  13. Michael Chiorazzi & Cynthia Condit, Legal Research Boot Camp: One Approach to Meeting the Research Needs of Law Students, 30:4 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 309 (2011)
  14. Herbert E. Cihak, Teaching Legal Research, 19 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 27 (2001).
  15. Matthew C. Cordon, Task Mastery in Legal Research Instruction, 103 Law Libr. J. 395 (2011).
  16. Christine N. Coughlin, Lisa T. McElroy & Sandy C. Patrick, See One, do One, Teach One: Dissecting the use of Medical Education’s Signature Pedagogy in the Law School Curriculum, 26:2 Georgia State University Law Review 361 (2010)
  17. Jean Davis et al., Perspectives on Teaching Foreign and International Legal Research, 19 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 55 (2001).
  18. Alyson Drake, The Need for Experiential Legal Research Education, 108 Law Libr. J. 511 (Fall 2016), available at
  19. Vicenç Feliú & Helen Frazer, Embedded Librarians: Teaching Legal Research as a Lawyering Skill, ExpressO (2010), available at
  20. Vicenç Feliú & Helen Frazer, Outcomes Assessment and Legal Research Pedagogy, 31 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 184 (2012)
  21. Barbara Glesner Fines, Lessons Learned about Classroom Teaching from Authoring Computer-Assisted Instruction Lessons Contemporary Issues in Outcomes-Based Legal Education, 38 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 1094 (2011-2012).
  22. Ian Gallacher, Mapping the Social Life of the Law: An Alternative Approach to Legal Research, 36 Int’l J. Legal Info 1 (2008), available at
  23. Ian Gallacher, Forty-Two: The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Teaching Legal Research to the Google Generation, 39 Akron L. Rev. 151 (2006), available at
  24. Pearl Goldman, Legal Education and Technology II: An Annotated Bibliography, 100 Law Libr. J. 415 (2008).
  25. Sarah Gotschall, Teaching Cost-Effective Research Skills: Have we Overemphasized its Importance? 29:2 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 149 (2010).
  26. Cindy Guyer, Experiential Learning: Context and Connections for Legal Research – A Case Study, 32:3 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 161 (2013). Electronic copy available at:
  27. Cindy Guyer, Teaching Smartly: A Law Library’s Experiences using SMART Technologies, 16 AALL Spectrum 11 (2011-2012).
  28. Barbara Cornwell Holt, Almost: Teaching Legal Research in a Multi-Office Law Firms; Seven Steps to Supplementing New Attorneys’ Legal Research Skills, June AALL Spectrum 12 (2008).
  29. Joyce Manna Janto, Cold Case – One Ordinary Law Librarian Helps in Solving a 53-Year-Old Mystery and Learns a Lesson about how Law Students Treat Legal Research, 12 AALL Spectrum 22 (2007-2008). Electronic copy available at UR Law Faculty Scholarship Repository.
  30. Nancy P. Johnson, Should You use a Textbook to Teach Legal Research, 103 Law Libr. J. 415 (2011).
  31. Frederick B. Jonassen, On-Line Legal Research Workshops, 22 St. Thomas Law Review 470 (2010).
  32. Aliza B. Kaplan & Kathleen Darvil, Think and Practice Like a Lawyer: Legal Research for the New Millennials, 8 Legal Comm. & Rhetoric: JAWLD 153 (2011), available at
  33. Blair Kauffman, Information Literacy in Law: Starting Points for Improving Research Competencies, 38 Int’l J. Legal Info. 339 (2010).
  34. Linda Kawaguchi, Designing Research Assignments to Encourage Critical Thinking and Creative Problem-Solving Skills, 19 Perspectives: Teaching Legal Research and Writing 174 (2011).
  35. Karen L. Koch, “what did I just do?” using Student-Created Concept Maps Or Flowcharts to Add a Reflective Visual Component to Legal Research Assignments, 18.2-3 Perspectives: Teaching Legal Research and Writing. 18. 2-3 LegalTrac. Web. 6 July 2012. (Winter-Spring 2010)
  36. Stefan H. Krieger & Serge Martinez , Criticism of Outcome Based Assessment: Performance Isn’t Everything: The Importance of Conceptual Competence in Outcome Assessment of Experiential Learning (December 14, 2011). (Hofstra Univ. Legal Studies Research Paper no. 11-30; NYLS Clinical Research Institute Paper no. 11/12 #16.), 19 Clinical Law Review (2012), available at
  37. Robert MacCrate, Legal Education and Professional Development : An Educational Continuum (American Bar Association. Task Force on Law Schools and the Profession: Narrowing the Gap. ed., 1992).
  38. Ellie Margolis, Authority without Borders: The World Wide Web and the Delegalization* of Law, 41 Seton Hall L. Rev. 909 (2011), available at
  39. Ellie Margolis and Kristen E. Murray, Say Goodbye to the Books: Information Literacy as the New Legal Research Paradigm. Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2012-34 (2012) Available at SSRN: or
  40. Ellie Margolis and Kristen Murray, Teaching Research Using an Information Literacy Paradigm, 22 Perspectives: Teaching Legal Res. & Writing 101 (2014).
  41. Sandra Meredith, First Year Law Students, Legal Research Skills & Electronic Resources, 41:2 Law Teacher 191 (2007)
  42. Patrick Meyer, Law Firm Legal Research Requirements for New Attorneys, 101 Law Libr. J. 297 (2009).
  43. Allen Moye, Tubs, Buckets, and a Variety of Lumber: Developing a Strategic Approach to Legal Research, 28:3-4 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 181 (2009).
  44. Shawn G. Nevers, Legal Research Readings to Inspire and Inform Students, 17 Perspectives: Teaching Legal Research & Writing (2008).
  45. Kristina L. Niedringhaus, Teaching Better Research Skills by Teaching Metacognitive Ability, 18:2-3 Perspectives: Teaching Legal Research and Writing. 113 (2010)
  46. Caroline L. Osborn, A Methodical Approach to Legal Research: The Legal Research Plan, an Essential Tool for Today’s Law Student and New Attorney, 32:1-2Legal Reference Services Quarterly 54 (2013)
  47. Larry Reeves, Raising the Institutional Profile of Academic Law Librarians: Law Librarian – Taught Legal Research Courses, 19 Trends L. Libr. Mgmt. & Tech. 17 (2009).
  48. Mary Rumsey, The Skills they Need: International and Foreign Legal Research, 28:1-2 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 133 (2009).
  49. Dennis S. Sears, The Teaching of First-Year Legal Research Revisited, 19 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 5 (2001).
  50. William M. Sullivan & et. al., Educating Lawyers: Preparation for the Profession of Law (The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching ed., 2007).
  51. Carrie W. Teitcher, Rebooting the Approach to Teaching Research: Embracing the Computer Age General Article, 99 Law Libr. J. 555 (2007).
  52. Sarah Valentine, Legal Research as a Fundamental Skill: A Lifeboat for Students and Law Schools, 39 U. Balt. L. Rev. 173 (2010).
  53. Kathleen Elliott Vinson, What’s on Your Playlist – the Power of Podcasts as a Pedagogical Tool, 2009 U. Ill. J. L. Tech. & Pol’y 405 (2009).
  54. Dan Wade, Wisdom from Mount Nebo (Hiei), 25 Legal Reference Services Quarterly 51 (2006).
  55. Michael Whiteman, Law-Library-Palooza: Academics Connect with their Colleagues in the High Rise World to Improve Legal Research Courses, 12:6 AALL Spectrum 6 (2008).
  56. Paula M. Young, Bibliography of Books and Articles on Active Learning and Other Techniques for Teaching Law, LawTeaching. Org, 2008
  57. Stephen Young, Teaching Legal Research: Taking the show on the Road Feature, 13 AALL Spectrum 14 (2008-2009).